Cat Facts

Choosing & Caring for Your Cat

Grooming Tips



Cat Facts

  • If your cat is 5 years old, he or she is 36 years old in human years.
  • A cat's hearing capability is five times greater than that of a human. However, at about 5 years of age, this capability lessens somewhat. A cat can rotate its ears 180 degrees and can locate the source of a sound ten times faster than the most capable watchdog.
  • A cat can sprint at 30 miles per hour and jump 7 times as high as its tail. When cats jump their footpads absorb the shock of landing.
  • A cat can be either right-pawed or left-pawed.
  • A cat will almost never meow at another cat. Cats use this sound for humans.
  • Cats have about 100 different vocalization sounds. In comparison, dogs have about 10.
  • Declawing a cat is the equivalent of cutting a human's fingers off at the knuckle. DON'T DO IT!
  • A cat will spend nearly 30% of its life grooming itself.
  • Cats bury their feces to cover their trails from predators.
  • The first signs of predatory behaviour occurs when kittens are around 4 weeks old.
  • Cats are known to sleep from 16-18 hours a day. While cats are sleeping they remain alert to the slightest stimuli.
  • After being handled, cats lick themselves to smooth their fur and get rid of the "human" smell. Licking is also thought to produce a calming effect.
  • A cat's heart beats at 110 to 140 beats per minute, twice as fast as a human heart.
  • A cat's tail held high means happiness. A twitching tail is a warning sign, and a tail tucked in close to the body is a sure sign of insecurity.
  • If your cat is in the habit of rolling over and exposing his stomach, you can be sure he feels perfectly safe with you. It's also a way of demonstrating his pleasure in your company.
  • A large majority of white cats with blue eyes are deaf. White cats with only one blue eye are deaf only in the ear closest to the blue eye.
  • A cat's jaws cannot move sideways.
  • All cats are born with blue eyes.
  • Calico cats are nearly always female.
  • Cats have more bones than humans. Humans have 206 bones whereas the cat has 230. About 10% of a cats bones are in its tail. The tail is used to maintain balance.
  • The cat does not have a true collarbone and can therefore squeeze its body through most spaces that its head fits through. Whiskers act as radar and help the cat gauge the space it is contemplating to walk through.
  • Tests done by the Behavioral Department of the Musuem of Natural History conclude that while a dog's memory lasts about 5 minutes, a cat's recall can last as long as 16 hours.
  • According to tests performed by Donald Adams, D.V.M., the cat possesses a surprisingly high level of intelligence and can remember problem solving strategies and use insight to "think" their way out of situations. Their curiosity stems from their intelligence and they will work endlessly and desperately to obtain the results they want.  


    Choosing and Caring for Your New Cat

    In choosing a new kitten or cat, take care to look for signs that indicate good health and temperament. The cat should have clear, bright eyes with little or no tearing,and the nostrils should be clean. Runny eyes, sneezing, or a nasal discharge can indicate a respiratory infection. The inside of the ears should be clean and free of any discharge. A black, tar-like discharge in the ear canal usually indicates an ear-mite infestation, while a pus-like discharge is oftenseen if there is a bacterial or yeast infection. The mouth and gums should be pink, with no evidence of ulcers or sores. The coat should be glossy, and there should be no bare spots, dry skin, dandruff, or any evidence of external parasites. The cat should not be too thin or have a protruding belly, sinceeither condition can indicate the presence of internal parasites or some other medical disorder. Ifpossible, make sure the cat has normal, well-formed feces.

    The cat or kitten should be friendly and comfortable with people. A physically sound cat is active, bright, responsive, rambunctious, and eager to join in play.  Beware of a cat that frequently runs and hides or sleeps more than normal.

    Once a kitten has been weaned from its mother (usually at about 8 weeks of age), it is ready for
    adoption. Before accepting the new cat, a prospective owner should ask questions about
    vaccinations, nutrition, parasite control, and grooming.

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    General Grooming Tips

    Grooming is much easier if you begin the procedure when your cat is still young. This way, the cat will grow to accept grooming as a pleasant routine rather than as a desperation-based chore. A good brush or a steel comb is a necessity for any cat owner. By brushing or combing the cat regularly, you can keep its hair coat clean, shiny, and sleek. Any loose fur removed during grooming will not wind up on the furniture, and your cat will have fewer problems with fur accumulating in the gastrointestinal tract. An extra benefit is that by regularly grooming your cat, you have an opportunity to examine the skin for parasites or disease.

    A second necessity for any cat owner is a good set of nail clippers. Trimming the nails regularly reduces the likelihood of damage caused by sharp claws, and lessens the possibility of a nail growing into the foot pad and causing infection. Again, if you start the routine when the cat is young, you will find the task easier as it gets older. Ask your veterinarian for a lesson on how to trim your cats

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